The word is emerald is derived from the Greek word esmeraude meaning green stone. Emerald is a medium to dark green beryl. Emeralds have many inclusions or flaws, they are typically oiled to fill cracks. Clean your emerald with a soft, dry cloth; avoid sudden temperature changes, household chemicals and ultrasonic jewelry cleaners.
Emerald is the mystical birthstone for January and the traditional birthstone for May.
Luster: vitreous | Hardness: 7.5-8 | Density: 2.7
Legends & Lore:
- It is believed to be soothing and cure eye problems.
- Emeralds are also believed to strengthen memory and quicken intelligence.
- Ancient Egyptians believed emeralds enhanced fertility and rebirth.
- Cleopatra prized her emeralds more than any other gem.
- Early Christians used the emerald as a symbol of Christ’s resurrection; it was used it to decorate Holy Grail.
- It is the gemstone for North Carolina.