The word diamond comes from the Greek word adamas, meaning unconquerable. Major sources for diamonds are Botswana, Russia, South Africa and Australia.
Diamond is the traditional and ayurvedic birthstone for April and the mystical birthstone for August.
Luster: adamantine / Hardness: 10 / Density: 3.5
Legends & Lore:
- Diamonds are believed to give courage and ward off nightmares.
- Diamonds are also believed to increase personal clarity. The better or clearer the diamond is the clearer the clarity.
- Ancient Hindus believed diamonds were created when bolts of lightning hit the ground.
- Diamonds are referred to as the “Kings Gem”. Perhaps this is due to the fact that up until the time of King Charles in 19th century France, only men wore diamonds. By the way, the pearl is the “Queens Gem”.
- Mary of Burgundy was the first woman to receive a diamond ring as a symbol of her betrothal to Archduke Maximilian of Austria in August, 1477.
- The diamond is the state gemstone of Arkansas. The Crater of Diamonds State Park (located in Murfreesboro, Arkansas), is the only place in the nation where you can dig for diamonds and keep what you find.
- The most famous diamond is a deep blue, the Hope Diamond. Named for its former owner Henry Philip Hope it is said to be unlucky to the owner.