Turquoise is a blue, green or a bluish green hydrous aluminum phosphate that is colored by copper. The name means “Turkish stone” so named as the trade route that brought it to Europe originally came through Turkey.
A traditional stone for December.
Luster: waxy | Hardness: 5-6 | Density: 2.6
Legends & Lore:
- Turquoise has been used for a long time, since before 4000 BC.
- Turquoise is believed to give the wearer clarity, calm and the ability to start something new.
- It also brings spoils to the warrior, animals to the hunter, and happiness and good fortune to all.
- In American Indian folklore the turquoise was thought to bring happiness and good fortune and if attached to a bow, their arrows would hit their target every time.
- It was also thought that if the turquoise changed colors it would warn of danger or illness.
- In the 13th century, Turquoise was believed to protect the wearer from falling.
- Turquoise is the U.S. State Gemstone of Arizona, Nevada and New Mexico.