The first week of January is designated as Braille Literacy Week in both Ohio and California. Louis Braille (born January 4, 1809) invented the Braille system in 1829. An accident blinded him at the age of three. He attended the Royal Institute for Blind Youth (now the National Institute for Blind Youth) in Paris. The school’s founder invented the Haüy system, heavily embossed Latin letters. In 1821, Braille learned night writing, a communication system developed by Captain Charles Barbier of the French Army. It was a code of dots and dashes pressed into thick paper allowing soldiers share information without speaking or needing light. Braille greatly simplified the system and published it in 1824. The goal of this week bring awareness of the importance of braille and the need to continue providing braille reading materials.