Canada Day is a national holiday in Canada celebrated on July 1st. It is a day that celebrates the creation of the dominion of Canada through the British North America Act on July 1, 1867, uniting three British territories ,the Province of Canada (southern Ontario and southern Quebec), Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick into a federation.
The holiday itself was formally established in 1879 and was originally called Dominion Day, making reference to the Canadian-originated term “dominion” to describe the political union, at a time when the Fathers of Confederation were hesitant to use a name such as the Kingdom of Canada. The name was changed to Canada Day on 27 October 1982, largely harking of the adoption of the earlier Canada Act 1982.
On Dominion Day 1923, the Chinese Immigration Act of 1923 went into effect. Until the act was repealed in 1947, many Chinese-Canadians referred to 1 July as “Humiliation Day” and refused to celebrate Canada’s birthday.
It is a federal holiday celebrated by all provincial governments and most businesses across Canada. Quebec also has Moving Day on 1 July, due to the fact that most leases there begin and end on that day, with many people changing residences.
Canada Day is generally marked by patriotic celebrations. Most cities have organized celebrations, often featuring fireworks. Entertainment usually has a Canadian theme. Canadian flags abound, and some go as far as to paint their faces in the Canadian national colors of red and white. Montreal is known to have the largest celebration in the country, which sometimes exceeds 500,000 people at the Old Port alone. Celebrations in Ottawa are particularly lavish. Every Canada Day, hundreds of thousands gather on Parliament Hill to celebrate Canada’s birth.
Use the navigation area on the left to find crafts and recipes for Canada Day.