Aztecs invented peanut butter in the 14th century. It was a simple paste made from roasted peanuts. It wasn’t until 1916 when George Washington Carver started promoting the peanut that the cookie treat was introduced. Carver published three peanut butter cookie recipes in a research bulletin entitled, “How to Grow the Peanut and 105 Ways of Preparing it for Human Consumption.” Those cookies used chopped up peanuts in a cookie batter.
It wasn’t until the 1920’s that peanut butter was listed as an ingredient in this cookie. Then in 1932, the Schenectady Gazette published the first peanut butter cookie recipe that called for the now-traditional crisscrossed fork marks on the top.
Betty Crocker’s Peanut Butter Cookies Recipe
1/2 cup granulated sugar
1/2 cup packed brown sugar
1/2 cup peanut butter
1/4 cup shortening
1/4 cup butter or margarine, softened
1-1/4 cups all-purpose flour
3/4 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 teaspoon baking powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
Mix sugars, peanut butter, shortening, butter and egg in large bowl. Stir in remaining ingredients. Cover and refrigerate about 2 hours or until firm. Heat oven to 375ºF. Shape dough into 1 1/4-inch balls. Place about 3 inches apart on ungreased cookie sheet. Flatten in crisscross pattern with fork dipped into sugar. Bake 9 to 10 minutes or until light golden brown. Cool 5 minutes; remove from cookie sheet. Cool on wire rack. Makes 30 cookies
image courtesy of Janet Hudson and Wikipedia.org.